Your Monday Briefing: Russia Seeks Support in Africa
We’re covering Russia’s campaign to garner support in Africa and the W.H.O.’s decision to declare monkeypox a global emergency.
Sergey Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, in Cairo, Egypt, on Sunday.Credit…Mohamed Hossam/EPA, via Shutterstock
Russia seeks support in Africa
Russia’s top diplomat, Sergey Lavrov, set off on a tour of four African countries — Egypt, Ethiopia, Uganda and the Republic of Congo — seeking to place blame on the West for war-related grain shortages that have sparked fears of famine.
He is likely to find a receptive audience in a region that has sought to maintain access to Russian exports despite pressure from the West. Seeing no gain in alienating either side, several African countries have tried to simply stay out of the conflict.
The global grain shortage caused by the war appeared likely to ease on Friday when Russia agreed to a deal brokered by the U.N. and Turkey allowing Ukraine to export its grain. The next morning, however, Russian missiles hit Ukraine’s port of Odesa, raising questions about Moscow’s intention to stick to the agreement.
News from the war in Ukraine:
Russian forces have tortured and beaten civilians in the areas of southern Ukraine that they control, according to Human Rights Watch.
Maksym Butkevych made his name in Ukraine campaigning on behalf of refugees and internally displaced people. But after his capture in late-June, his reputation made him vulnerable to ill treatment.
During an 80-day siege at the sprawling Azovstal steel plant, a relentless Russian assault met unyielding Ukrainian resistance, resulting in incomprehensible horror. Here is the story of the battle.
The W.H.O. declares monkeypox a global emergency
The World Health Organization over the weekend labeled monkeypox — which has spread in just a few weeks to 75 countries and infected more than 16,000 people — a global health emergency.
Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the W.H.O.’s director general, overruled a panel of advisers, who could not come to a consensus, to declare a “public health emergency of international concern.” That distinction, which has been used seven times in the last 15 years, is currently used to describe two other diseases: Covid-19 and polio. Monkeypox has been a concern for years in some African countries and has only recently spread worldwide.
Nearly all the infections outside Africa have occurred among men who have sex with men. Many in the L.G.B.T.Q. community have charged that monkeypox has not received the attention it deserves, reminiscent of the early days of the H.I.V. epidemic.
What it means: The W.H.O.’s declaration signals the need for a coordinated international response, such as investing significant resources in controlling an outbreak and encouraging nations to share vaccines, treatments and other key resources.
A Chinese rocket will fall to earth. No one knows where.
China launched a massive Long March 5B rocket into space on Sunday afternoon carrying new modules to its space station.
Now, for the next week or so, the 10-story, 23-ton rocket booster that was needed to launch the heavy load will draw the interest of space watchers as it falls back down to earth. Unless China secretly changed the design of the rocket, there will be nothing controlling where its debris will land.
The few tons of metal that are expected to survive all the way to the ground could end up anywhere along the booster’s path, which includes Los Angeles, New York, Cairo and Sydney. The chance that it will strike any humans is low but significantly higher than what many space experts consider acceptable.
Background: Space has immense prestige for the Chinese government, which is the only country other than the U.S. to land and operate a rover on Mars. “China is not and has not done anything the U.S. has not already done in space,” said Joan Johnson-Freese, a professor at the U.S. Naval War College. “But it is reaching technical parity, which is of great concern to the U.S.”
THE LATEST NEWS
The man accused of killing Shinzo Abe, the former prime minister of Japan, said his mother’s huge donations to the Unification Church bankrupted his family. Many others in Japan have similar stories.
This year’s monsoon season in Pakistan has been particularly brutal, killing at least 282 people over the past five weeks.
As a political crisis and economic meltdown ravaged Sri Lanka, the country found solace in the simple pleasures of an old ritual: cricket.
The Morning newsletter interviewed Emily Schmall, who has been reporting for The Times in Sri Lanka, about what led to the country’s crisis and what comes next.
South Korea deported two North Korean fisherman against their will in 2019. Their case is now at the center of a criminal investigation and a looming political war between the president and his progressive enemies.
Pope Francis is visiting Canada to apologize for the Roman Catholic Church’s role in running the notorious residential schools for Indigenous children.
The downfall of Italy’s prime minister has raised concerns across Europe about the power of populist movements and whether they will erode unity against Russian aggression.
An Israeli investigation found that attacks on Israeli and Jewish targets in Buenos Aires in the 1990s were carried out by a secret Hezbollah unit whose operatives, contrary to widespread claims, were not abetted knowingly by Argentine citizens or Iranian officials.
In the heart of Mexico’s capital, the colorful food stall signs that define the urban landscape are being erased.
What Else Is Happening
In an ambitious cross-cultural study, researchers found that adults around the world speak and sing to babies in similar ways.
Stefan Soltesz, a prominent Austrian conductor, died after collapsing during a performance at Munich’s main opera house.
Jonas Vingegaard, who is 25 and has only been a professional cyclist for three years, won the Tour de France.
A Morning Read
Mohamed Mbougar Sarr last year became the first writer from sub-Saharan Africa to win France’s top literary prize. A subject of his novel was the French literary establishment, which he describes with a mix of harshness, ridicule and affection. Now he wonders whether the prizes are an endorsement or “a way to silence me.”
ARTS AND IDEAS
Searching for credit
The film “One Second” — directed by celebrated Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou — follows a prisoner who escapes from a labor camp. The plot mirrors the 2011 novel “The Criminal Lu Yanshi,” written by Geling Yan.
But when the movie was released in 2020, Yan’s name was neither in the credits nor the promotional materials. She and her husband have begun asking companies in Asia, Europe and North America to add her name but have so far received a muted response.
In the fall of 2018, a literary adviser to Mr. Zhang told Ms. Yan over WeChat that “One Second” could not credit “The Criminal Lu Yanshi,” according to screenshots of their correspondence. The adviser said that doing so could create a legal problem for the director because he had been having an unrelated copyright dispute with a Chinese production company.
Yan, who has publicly criticized the Chinese government’s response to the coronavirus pandemic, said that she was not surprised to see her name removed. Still, she said, she thought that the companies distributing and promoting the film outside China could perhaps agree to credit her in some way.
PLAY, WATCH, EAT
What to Cook
Salt and pepper tofu is crispy on the outside and pillowy on the inside.
What to Watch
“The Gray Man,” a big-budget action film starring Ryan Gosling, has “a screenplay that is an assault of amusement.”
What to Read
In “The Digital Republic,” Jamie Susskind examines how the revolution in communications is threatening democracy — and what can be done about it.
Now Time to Play
Play today’s Mini Crossword.
Here are today’s Wordle and Spelling Bee.
You can find all our puzzles here.
That’s it for today’s briefing. See you next time. — Matthew
P.S. Andrew Kramer was named The Times’s first Ukraine bureau chief.
The latest episode of “The Daily” is about the environmental effects of Utah’s Great Salt Lake drying up.
You can reach Matthew and the team at [email protected].